Getting Rid of Head Lice
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What are head lice?
Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) are small parasitic insects which dwell on the human head. They range in colour from a translucent white to a dark brown/tan (usually depending on if they've just fed), have no wings, cannot jump or swim and use their six legs to crawl quickly through the scalp and to cling to hairs. Head lice feed on the blood of their host by piercing the skin (a bite) and cannot live for long away from a blood meal, so once removed from the hair they will not survive for very long. Getting rid of them, to avoid bites and itching should be done quickly. The life cycle of head lice has three stages: Egg/Nit, Nymph and Adult. The female adult will feed on blood and can lay around 8 eggs a day over a month. The eggs are commonly found stuck to the base of the hair strands (close to the scalp) with sticky saliva. After ten days the eggs/nits will hatch and Nymphs will crawl out but the eggs will remain stuck to the hair. Nymphs look like adult lice but just smaller and it takes a further ten days for them to moult (three times) before they reach adulthood. When looking for and getting rid of head lice, you should be targeting and getting rid of lice at each stage of their lifecycle.
Head lice are usually caught through close and prolonged head to head (bodily) contact with an infected person. As signs and symptoms vary between different people, some will not know that they have head lice and can therefore pass them on unknowingly. Getting rid of lice on another person will not cure your infestation, it will just spread the problem. Itching and red bumps may not appear for weeks before somebody realises they have head lice, so it makes it difficult to prevent outbreaks and epidemics - certainly in schools. Sharing of hair brushes, hats and other clothing may also help the spreading of head lice so this should be avoided if possible. Any one can catch head lice, no matter their age or gender however head lice are more common with children aged between 3 and 12 years of age, therefore a high percentage of families with young children will be affected by head lice at some stage. Head lice infest both clean and dirty hair, so those who have head lice are not necessarily unhygienic but stopping the spread is of the upmost importance. Getting rid of head lice is achievable with the correct methods and a bit of patience.
Getting Rid of Head Lice Eggs
Getting Rid of Head Lice eggs
Getting rid of head lice can be achieved in different ways. It is always recommended that a metal lice comb is purchased, as these not only help detect lice but the fine closely-packed teeth help draw eggs/nits and lice out of the hair. The hair should be washed with a normal shampoo and towel dried so it's still a bit damp. Look at getting all of the tangles and knots out of the hair with a normal brush/comb before using your nit comb and some conditioner or oil should be applied to the hair to make it slippery. You could choose from one of many home remedy for head lice methods or treatments for head lice for help with getting rid of head lice. Treatments come in different strengths, some including insecticides and others being made from natural ingredients. It is suggested that younger children and pregnant women do not use the insecticide based products for getting rid of head lice as these contain harsh chemicals. It is also a good idea to stay away from others until the head lice have been treated. Remedies for getting rid of head lice may need to be repeated and if the lice in your area become resistant to certain chemicals, your health advisor will be able to confirm which treatment should be purchased for the best chances of getting rid of the head lice.
Getting Rid of Head Lice for good
Getting Rid of Head Lice in house
Getting Rid of Head Lice
Home remedies for Getting Rid of Head Lice in house
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